Au-delà de l’échelle métrique de l’intelligence

Klein 8x11-page-001Dans le cadre de la Hannah History of Medicine Speaker Series, Alexandre Klein donnera le 28 octobre prochain à l’Université McMaster (Hamilton, Ontario) au Canada une conférence sur le rôle d’Alfred Binet dans la formation de la psychologie scientifique en France et en Europe. Intitulée Beyond the Metric Scale of Intelligence. Alfred Binet, Founder of French Scientific Psychology, cette conférence présentera la vie et l’œuvre de Binet, en insistant sur ses apports dans l’émergence de la psychologie expérimentale et dans la définition épistémologique de son champ d’exercice.

 

Beyond the Metric Scale of Intelligence. Alfred Binet, Founder of French Scientific Psychology

The French psychologist Alfred Binet (1857-1911) is the well-known inventor of the first metric scale of intelligence (which had led to the creation of the IQ test). Beyond this fact mentioned in all books pertaining to the history of psychology, Binet was also a multifaceted scientist and most importantly one of the main founders of scientific psychology in France. After his training at La Salpêtrière with Jean Martin Charcot (1825-1893), Binet developed, in the laboratory that Henry Beaunis (1830-1921) had created at La Sorbonne, an individual psychology based on the experimental method. Thanks to l’Année psychologique (the first journal specifically dedicated to psychology in France) that he created in 1894, he established himself as a major figure of Francophone psychology. Defending psychology as an autonomous scientific discipline, distinct from medicine as well as philosophy, he shaped it as the specific human science we now know it as. This new and more complete portrait of Alfred Binet as the nexus of the emergence of scientific psychology in France, which was drawn in the 2014 webdocumentary entitled Alfred Binet. Naissance de la psychologie scientifique (www.alfredbinet-univ.lorraine.fr), will be the object of our presentation.


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